Poland Is, And Finland May Be Interested In Participating in NATO's Nuclear Sharing Program
EUROPE - Both Poland and Finland may be interested in participating in NATO's nuclear sharing program, which would give both countries access to deploying nuclear weapons in their territory, and allow NATO to establish bases within their borders.
While Poland has shared outright interest in joining the nuclear-sharing program, Finland has been more reserved on the matter. Both countries applied for membership of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in May. Their applications are expected to be accepted.
Although Newsweek reports Finland may be interested, Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin said that she believes it would be unlikely that nuclear weapons would be placed on Finnish territory.
A report by Newsweek said that they believe Finland "will allow NATO to place nuclear weapons on [its] border with Russia" due to a "commitment" to NATO in July that it would not seek "restrictions or national reservations" if their application to NATO is accepted.
Both Finland and Sweden share borders with Russia. Poland shares a border with Russia's Kaliningrad exclave (territory that is completely surrounded by another country or state). Finland shares a 1,340-kilometer (832 miles) border with Russia.
If the NATO alliance did decide to deploy nuclear weapons and bases within those countries, it would place nuclear weapons right next to Russian territory, something which Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly put out warnings about.
Finland and Sweden officially applied to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the month of May due to Russia's ongoing war on Ukraine.
The Head of the International Policy Bureau in the Chancellery of the President of Poland Jakub Kumoch said that the Russia-NATO pact of 1997 has now been "rendered invalid" due to Russia's war on Ukraine, and is now interested in the Nuclear Sharing program, which would allow Poland to deploy nuclear weapons on its territory.
Kumoch is interested in stationing NATO forces in Poland, and NATO's nuclear sharing program which makes nuclear warheads available to member states and to is stationed within states who otherwise do not possess them.
“In 1997, the Russia-NATO pact was signed, on the basis of which there is a conviction that no additional permanent NATO forces should be deployed in Eastern Europe. We believe, and the President said at the NATO summit, that this act is dead. Russia simply annulled it with aggression against Ukraine,” Kumoh stated.
Poland’s President Andrzej Duda also expressed that the Polish government has discussed the possibility of nuclear sharing with the United States, during an interview on October 5th.
The 1997 NATO-Russia agreement prohibited the deployment of permanent NATO forces in Eastern Europe.
The Newsweek report said that Finland would also allow NATO to "place nuclear weapons on [its] border with Russia", but Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin spoke to Finnish national broadcaster Yle on Saturday and said that she believes it would be unlikely that nuclear weapons would be placed on Finnish territory.
"I've considered it very important that we don't set these kinds of preconditions, or limit our own room for maneuvering when it comes to permanent bases or nuclear weapons," she stated.
She had told an Italian newspaper after applying to join the alliance in May that NATO was not planning nuclear arms or bases in Finland, nor had they expressed any interest in doing so, at the time.
“Nobody will come to us to impose nuclear weapons or permanent bases on us if we don’t want them,” she had said.
"[And] It does not seem to me that there is even interest in deploying nuclear weapons or opening NATO bases in Finland," she added.
Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson had also said at that time that Sweden did not want permanent NATO bases or nuclear weapons on its own territory.
Newsweek reported that Finland would allow NATO to place nuclear weapons within its border due to the fact that the country made a "commitment" to NATO in July that it would not seek "restrictions or national reservations" if its application to NATO is accepted.
Newsweek said that foreign policy insiders who spoke to Iltalehti said that this means nuclear weapons from NATO could "transit through", or "be based on", Finnish territory.
The United States has about 100 nuclear weapons currently in Europe, situated in Germany, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey according to the Federation of American Scientists.
Russia's Response To Polish President's Comments
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov responded to the Polish President's comments regarding his desire to participate in NATO's nuclear sharing program.
Lavrov said that it is alarming that Poland is "asking to be a candidate" for the deployment of US nuclear weapons on its territory.
"Poland is asking for a candidate so that the Americans can also place their nuclear bombs there. This situation is very worrying,"
"The World on the Edge. Lessons of the Caribbean Crisis," Russian state news RIA Novosti cited the Russian Foreign Minister as saying.
Lavrov said that there is talk of strengthening NATO's nuclear capabilities in addition to the five countries that already have "American tactical nuclear weapons on their territory," RIA Novosti reported.
China Plans To Build Nuclear Powered Base On Moon By 2028
Traces Of Explosives Found At Nord Stream Rupture Sites
Kim Jong Un Oversaw ICBM Test, Vows To Respond With Nukes If Enemies Continue To Pose Threats
North Korea Fires Intercontinental Ballistic Missile - ICBM
Pakistan Shuts Down Border Crossing With Afghanistan After Both Sides Exchange Fire
North Korea Launches Short-Range Ballistic Missile
Underground passage Beneath Egyptian Temple Might Lead To Where Cleopatra Was Buried
14 Chinese Military Aircraft, 3 PLAN Vessels Spotted Around Taiwan November 11th, 2022
26 Chinese Military Aircraft, 4 PLAN Vessels Spotted Around Taiwan November 10th, 2022
Rameses II-Period Crypt Discovered In Israel
Scientists Re-Evaluating What Killed The Dinosaurs After Studying Crater
Chinese President Tells Military To Prepare For War Amid Tensions Over Taiwan
Stratcom Commander: Ukraine Just A Warm Up, The Big One Is Coming